Dissociative disorders often times resulted from an early trauma that was already repressed in the unconscious mind. When the person experiences severe stress or anxiety later in life, dissociation symptoms appear either as a form of evading the situation or manifesting as effects of trauma from previous years.
Dissociative disorders have a good prognosis when treatment is started early and expert treatment plan is in place. Once diagnosed with the mental health state, there are several treatments that can be utilized. This article will discuss three types of treatment pertinent to dissociative disorders.
This is a series of talk sessions with the psychologist or psychiatrist that has the following objectives:
- Using a guided approach, the person will be able to identify their dissociative symptoms and develop coping skills that will reduce the perceived needs for dissociation, particularly during times of stress.
- To allow the person to discover the origin of dissociation and to understand why it is occurring in the first place.
Cognitive-behavior therapy or CBT is a type of psychotherapy that focuses on rebooting the mind on how to think and perceive situations, thus reactions and behaviors are changed. In dissociative disorders, CBT helps clients in changing their negative thinking and helps treat depression.
Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) is another type of psychotherapy that was initially used for individuals suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder. To date, this method is now being utilized in other types of therapy sessions with the goal of identifying the cause of trauma and develop self-control techniques in preventing somatic or bodily manifestations as an effect of the trauma. The therapist guides the patient through eight steps: history taking and treatment planning, client preparation and establishment of therapeutic relationship, assessment, desensitization, installation, body scan, closure and reevaluation of treatment effect.
In dissociative disorders, EMDR is useful as it tries to reprocess past traumas in a safe way.
Inpatient care in a treatment facility or hospitalization may be needed in individuals who require urgent medical intervention as a result of the dissociation. The ill-effects of dissociative disorders can lead the person to do self-harm or mutilation, alcoholism and drug use, and personal neglect in nutrition and hygiene. If the person is already manifesting any of these, they need continuous monitoring to ensure their safety and to address the current medical needs.
Psychiatrists prescribed medications to treat the symptoms of depression, anxiety, and alteration in thought processes that are present in dissociative disorders. These medications need to be followed strictly by the person because some drugs can have serious adverse reactions if not taken properly. The client needs to understand that medications should be completed as ordered, not be stopped abruptly without notifying the medical provider, and that therapeutic effects can sometimes take time to occur.
It is understandable that these treatments may come at a hefty price, especially if you don’t have health care insurance. You can ask your insurance if these can be covered. Some treatment facilities can provide medical packages that are budget-friendly and can be settled in parts. BetterHelp’s (how much therapy costs) article can give you some tips on how much will it will actually cost in seeking treatments with a counselor.